Series Text: Hebrews 12:1-2
Biblical Character Texts: 1 Samuel 16-1 Chronicles 29
Brief History Before David’s Time
1. 4000 BC // God created Adam and Eve
2. 3000 BC // Noah and the flood
3. 2000 BC // Call of Abraham
4. 1500 BC // Moses and the deliverance of Israel
5. 1300 BC // Israel in their land ruled by Judges
6. 1050-1010 BC // Saul reigned as the first king of Israel
7. 1040 BC // David is born
8. 1010-971 BC // David reigned as the second king of Israel
Major Highlights of David’s Life
1. David is anointed king of Israel by the prophet Samuel at around 13 years old, 1 Samuel 16:12-13.
2. David served King Saul by playing music in the palace, 1 Samuel 16:22-23.
3. David defeated Goliath at 15 years of age, 1 Samuel 17:1-58.
4. David, at 25, covenanted with Jonathan (King Saul’s son), then was banished by King Saul from his court because of jealously, yet he was made commander of the Israelite army because King Saul feared the people. Also, David’s success as a warrior earned him the right to marry King Saul’s daughter Michal, 1 Samuel 18:1.
5. King Saul, for ten years, tried to kill David many times. He chased him all over the land, however, during this same time David gained more victories against God’s enemies, had people join with him, and gained the love and respect of the people of Israel, 1 Samuel 19-2 Samuel 1.
6. David, at 35 and after King’s Saul’s death, was made King of Judah. For the next seven years King David fights with Abner, Saul’s old army commander, for the rulership of all of Israel and Jerusalem. Then at age 42, almost 30 years since being anointed king by Samuel, King David is made ruler of all Israel, 2 Samuel 2-5.
7. For the next 20 years David conquered the surrounding enemies of God, brought the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem, and made Israel a great prosperous nation, 2 Samuel 6-10.
8. David at 62 years old, took a break from war, and instead had an affair with a married woman named Bathsheba, which led to him lying and eventually the murder of Bathsheba’s husband Uriah. God then sent the prophet Nathan to expose David’s great sins and pronounce judgment on the child conceived from the affair and calamity upon David’s household, 2 Samuel 11-12.
9. For the last 13 years of David’s reign as King, he faced many kinds of troubles in his family, (a) his children fought amongst themselves (Amnon was killed by Absalom after Amnon raped his sister), 1 Samuel 13; (b) Absalom then tried to take the Kingdom from him and was put to death, 1 Samuel 15-18; and then, (c.) Adonijah, David’s son, tried to steal the Kingdom from David when he was old and was also put to death, 1 Kings 1-2.
10. King David, at 75 years old after reigning for 40 years, made his son Solomon King of Israel and soon after died, 1 Kings 1:37.
The Major Mistakes of David’s Life // Bethsheba
1. Laziness: David stayed home, when he should have went to war, 2 Samuel 11:1.
2. Sexual Immorality: David looked into a married man’s house to see his wife bathe, then he had sex with her, and she became pregnant, 2 Samuel 11:2-5.
3. Lying: David tried to have Uriah sleep with Bethsheba so he could think the child was his, 1 Samuel 11:6-13.
4. Murder: After Uriah refused to sleep with his wife, David had him killed in battle by withdrawing the army from his position, 1 Samuel 11:14-17.
How David is Viewed in the New Testament:
1. Great King of Israel, Type of Christ: Mark 11:9-10.
2. Writer of the Psalms: Matthew 22:43.
3. Man After God’s Own Heart: Acts 13:22.
Today’s Focus on David’s Worship, “A Man After God’s Heart”
Sermon Text: 1 Samuel 13:14
1. Worship is Based in Covenant: 2 Samuel 23:1-7.
2. Worship is Expressed in Obedience to God’s Laws: Psalm 119:1-8
3. Worship is Personalized in all Human Emotions: Joy- Psalm 16:11; Regret- Psalm 51; Loneliness- Psalm 22:1-2; Fear- Psalm 57:1-8; Love- Psalm 36:5-10; Sadness- Psalm 5:1-2 & Psalm 42:1-11; and Confidence- Psalm 23.