Paul gives his second of five warnings to the Christians reading his epistle to encourage them not to rebel and be hardened by sin, which will lead to an unbelieving heart.
- Hebrews 2:1-3, A Warning Against Drifting Away
- Hebrews 3:12-15, A Warning Against an Unbelieving Heart
- Hebrews 6:4-6, A Warning Against Falling Away
- Hebrews 10:26-27, A Warning Against Deliberately Sinning
- Hebrews 12:15-16, A Warning Against Refusing God
1 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in the heavenly calling, fix your thoughts on Jesus, whom we acknowledge as our apostle and high priest. [Colossians 3:2]
2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God's house.
3 Jesus has been found worthy of greater honor than Moses, just as the builder of a house has greater honor than the house itself.
4 For every house is built by someone, but God is the builder of everything. [Hebrews 1:2-3 & 1 Chronicles 29:16]
5 “Moses was faithful as a servant in all God's house,” bearing witness to what would be spoken by God in the future. [Deuteronomy 18:15 & Matthew 13:57] 6 But Christ is faithful as the Son over God's house. [Proverbs 30:4] And we are his house, if indeed we hold firmly to our confidence and the hope in which we glory. [1 Peter 2:5 & 1 Corinthians 3:16]
7 So, as the Holy Spirit says: “Today, if you hear his voice, 8 do not harden your hearts as you did in the rebellion, during the time of testing in the wilderness, 9 where your ancestors tested and tried me, though for forty years they saw what I did. 10 That is why I was angry with that generation; I said, ‘Their hearts are always going astray, and they have not known my ways.’ 11 So I declared on oath in my anger, ‘They shall never enter my rest.’” [Psalm 95:6-11, Exodus 17:1-6, Numbers 20:1-13, Deuteronomy 1:32-40, & 1 Corinthians 10:1-13]
12 See to it, brothers and sisters, that none of you has a sinful, unbelieving heart that turns away from the living God. [Romans 3:9-23 & Ezekiel 36:24-27] 13 But encourage one another daily, as long as it is called “Today,” so that none of you may be hardened [sklērynō / hard] by sin's deceitfulness.
14 We have come to share in Christ, if indeed we hold our original conviction firmly to the very end. [Share/partake, Hebrews 6:4-6; 11]
15 As has just been said: “Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as you did in the rebellion.” [Psalm 95:7-8]
16 Who were they who heard and rebelled? Were they not all those Moses led out of Egypt? 17 And with whom was he angry for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose bodies perished in the wilderness?
18 And to whom did God swear that they would never enter his rest if not to those who disobeyed?
19 So we see that they were not able to enter, because of their unbelief.